Due to erratic sales of its sole product—a high-capacity battery for laptop computers—PEM, Incorporated, has been experiencing financial difficulty for some time. The company’s contribution format income statement for the most recent month is given below: Sales (13,200 units × $30 per unit) $ 396,000 Variable expenses 237,600 Contribution margin 158,400 Fixed expenses 176,400 Net operating loss $ (18,000) Required: 1. Compute the company’s CM ratio and its break-even point in unit sales and dollar sales. 2. The president believes that a $6,600 increase in the monthly advertising budget, combined with an intensified effort by the sales staff, will increase unit sales and the total sales by $86,000 per month. If the president is right, what will be the increase (decrease) in the company’s monthly net operating income? 3. Refer to the original data. The sales manager is convinced that a 10% reduction in the selling price, combined with an increase of $34,000 in the monthly advertising budget, will double unit sales. If the sales manager is right, what will be the revised net operating income (loss)? 4. Refer to the original data. The Marketing Department thinks that a fancy new package for the laptop computer battery would grow sales. The new package would increase packaging costs by $0.80 per unit. Assuming no other changes, how many units would have to be sold each month to attain a target profit of $5,000? 5. Refer to the original data. By automating, the company could reduce variable expenses by $3 per unit. However, fixed expenses would increase by $58,000 each month. a. Compute the new CM ratio and the new break-even point in unit sales and dollar sales. b. Assume that the company expects to sell 20,600 units next month. Prepare two contribution format income statements, one assuming that operations are not automated and one assuming that they are. (Show data on a per unit and percentage basis, as well as in total, for each alternative.) c. Would you recommend that the company automate its operations (Assuming that the company expects to sell 20,600 units)?

Required 1

1- CM Ratio________%

Break-even point in unit sales _________

Break-even point in dollar sales _______

Required 2

The president believes that a $6,600 increase in the monthly advertising budget, combined with an intensified effort by the sales staff, will increase unit sales and the total sales by $86,000 per month. If the president is right, what will be the increase (decrease) in the company’s monthly net operating income? (Do not round intermediate calculations.)

____________By___________

Required 3

Refer to the original data. The sales manager is convinced that a 10% reduction in the selling price, combined with an increase of $34,000 in the monthly advertising budget, will double unit sales. If the sales manager is right, what will be the revised net operating income (loss)? (Losses should be entered as a negative value.)

Revised net operating income (Loss) __________________

Required 4

Refer to the original data. The Marketing Department thinks that a fancy new package for the laptop computer battery would grow sales. The new package would increase packaging costs by $0.80 per unit. Assuming no other changes, how many units would have to be sold each month to attain a target profit of $5,000? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round final answer up to the nearest whole unit.)

Unit sales to attain target profit _______________

Required 5A

Refer to the original data. By automating, the company could reduce variable expenses by $3 per unit. However, fixed expenses would increase by $58,000 each month. Compute the new CM ratio and the new break-even point in unit sales and dollar sales. (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round “CM ratio” to the nearest whole percentage (i.e., 0.234 should be entered as “23”), round “Break-even point in unit sales” up to the nearest whole unit and round “Break-even point in dollar sales” to the nearest whole dollar.)

CM Ratio __________%

Break-unit point in unit sales ___________

Break even point in dollar sales _________